Paramorechick44. - Interpretation of legal description on where delimitation and demarcation should be. The agrarian revolution and the Industrial Revolution were powerful movements that altered human activity in many ways. DEFINITION EXAMPLES Multinational State Multistate Nation Stateless Nation After the concept of the nation-state had gained a foothold in Europe, the ruling powers focused on establishing settlements and political power around the world by imposing their military, economic, political, and cultural influence through colonialism. January 19, 2019 / in AP Human Geography / by emmacalderwood Key Takeaways: Political Organization of Space A nation is a group of people with common cultural characteristics, whereas a state is an area with defined boundaries that has sovereignty within its borders. This means that there are groups of people who share a collective identity and history, but who have no parcel of land that they fully control. The Rimland’s defining characteristic is that it is an intermediate region, lying between the heartland and the marginal sea powers. Nation without an officially recognized territory or sovereignty. Maps outside the disputant countries commonly show both boundaries, noting their disputed status. In our early history, Americans thought they were living in “The United Countries of America.”. As a result, it implies that if a nation does not seek out and conquer new territories, it will risk failing because other nations also behave organically. Tilly examined the political, social, and technological change in Europe from the Middle Ages to the present and attempted to explain the unprecedented success of the nation-state as the dominant form of state on Earth. A city-state is a sovereign state that encompasses a town and the surrounding landscape. Political geography is the study of how humans have divided up the surface of the Earth for purposes of management and control. ” For Marxist theorists, the role of the non-socialist state is determined by its function in the global capitalist order. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of the College Marx and Engels were clear that communism’s goal was a classless society in which the state would have “withered away. Examples of Multinational states. Kurdish communities are commonly found across Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Iran and Armenia. Within the pluralist tradition, Robert Dahl developed the theory of the state as a neutral arena for contending interests. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Match. A part of a country that is separated from the main country by the territory of another country or a body of water. If they want to speak their language or teach their specific religion in the local schools, then the central government allows local people to make those decisions. Wittfogel argued that most of the earliest states were formed in hydraulic civilizations, by which he meant civilizations where leaders controlled people by controlling the water supply. Another interesting question comes up when learning about boundaries, “Who owns the sea?” A maritime boundary is a conceptual division of the Earth’s water surface areas. Puerto Rico (United States) and Hong Kong (China) are excellent examples. The term nation refers to a homogeneous group of people with a common heritage, language, religion, or political ambition. <> However, so-called natural boundaries are still products of human choice — why establish that river, rather than this other one, as the boundary? The Constitution that the U.S. Government, operates under today was adopted to help create a balance of powers between the central government headquartered in Washington DC, and the multiple state governments. <> The Palestinians are perhaps the world’s best-known stateless nation, owed to their long struggle with Israeli Jews – some of whom, until 1948, belonged to the previously best-known nation without a state. The pluralist approach suggests that the modern democratic state acts in response to pressures that are applied by a variety of related interests. a group of people who share a common cultural characteristics and may or may nit have their own state. Marxists view the state as a partisan instrument that primarily serves the interests of the upper class. United States of America China Yugoslavia Switzerland Stateless Nation; Nation without an officially recognized territory or sovereignty. 9`�0. Since the late nineteenth century, virtually the entirety of the world’s inhabitable land has been parceled up into areas with more or less definite borders claimed by various states. A state with control over its internal affairs. Boundaries are often divided into two categories: (1) natural – following the course of a physical feature such as a river or ridgeline; (2) artificial – drawn by humans. 4 0 obj AP Human Geography Chapter 8.1 Reading Guide Multistate Nations, Multinational States, & Stateless Nations 15. Scholars have developed many theories of how political power has been expressed geographically as leaders and nations vie to control people, land, and resources. This colonial expansion across the globe is called imperialism. An alternative theory of state formation focuses on the rise of more modern nation-states and explains their rise by arguing they became necessary for leveraging the resources necessary to fight and defend against wars. AP Human Geography: ... A multistate nation is defined as a group of people who share a common heritage but live within different states. Nowadays, we use this term to refer to any country that breaks apart to form several countries or several states, usually the consequence of civil war or ethnic cleansing as was seen in Armenia and Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and Yugoslavia. Within India, publishers are required to show Kashmir as part of India. Match. Fact Check: What Power Does the President Really Have Over State Governors? Consider the case of Kashmir, a territory disputed between India and Pakistan. ����"�i�#n�P If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Anytime, anywhere. Power rests in the "rim" or coastal areas. Hitler was a proponent of organic theory and used Raztel’s term Lebensraum or “living space” as justification for Germany’s behavior during World War II. According to Spykman’s Rimland Theory, Mackinder’s “lands of the outer rim” were the key to controlling Eurasia and then the world. endobj He claimed that if Germany did not grow in this way, it would fall victim again to the rest of Europe and eventually the world as it did during the First World War. Many disputes have been resolved through negotiations, but not all. Find the example listed on a political map and try to find one other state that has the same physical shape. For instance, The Strait of Juan de Fuca is the wide waterway stretching from the Pacific Ocean on the West to the San Juan Islands on the east, with Vancouver Island to the north and the Olympic Peninsula to the south.

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