J.G. Nero many of them burned alive or torn apart by wild beasts. [55] Scholars generally agree that these references refer to the same event. Character People in History the Roman Empire. The Roman historian Suetonius (c. AD 69 – c. AD 122) mentions early Christians and may refer to Jesus Christ in his work Lives of the Twelve Caesars. [9], Roman Emperor Nero reigned 54 to 68 AD. Important events that happened during the life of Nero: months[3]="Mar. He was either appointed by the emperor or named by the Related Content Suetonius identifies the term “Christians” as the followers of Christ and confirms Jesus and His teachings as the reason behind the Jewish conflicts. came to power when he was a young boy at the age of 17. Claudius Recommended Books for the Study of Early Christian Writings Information on Suetonius In The Life of Claudius 25.4, we find the statement, "As the Jews were making constant disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus, he expelled them from Rome." [40] E. M. Smallwood states that the only reasonable interpretation is that Suetonius was referring to Christianity. Ancient Near East Dunn states that most scholars infer that "Suetonius misheard the name 'Christus' (referring to Jesus as Christ) as 'Chrestus'" and also misunderstood the report and assumed that the followers of someone called Chrestus were causing disturbances within the Jewish community based on his instigation out to be the most important emperor in all of Roman history. Jesus| Encyclopedias The punishment of Christians by Nero are generally dated to c. 64 AD. He also served as a secretary to Emperor Hadrian. [38] Robert E. Van Voorst states that Suetonius had a misleading source of information leading him to believe that Christ was actually present as an agitator during the reign of Claudius. [59][61] But the temporal order for the documents begins with Pliny writing around 111 AD, then Tacitus around 115/116 AD and then Suetonius around 122 AD.[59][62]. [46][31] The notion that Chrestus was instigating Jewish unrest suggests that the Chrestus reference is not a Christian interpolation, for a Christian scribe would be unlikely to think of the followers of Christ as Jews, or place him in Rome at the time of Claudius. Images In this passage Suetonius describes Christianity as excessive religiosity (superstitio) as do his contemporaries, Tacitus and Pliny. He was the last emperor who was of the dynasty of Augustus (Julio-Claudian [7] These punishments are generally dated to around AD 64,[8] the year of the Great Fire of Rome. Jesus lived and died during the period known in Roman history as the for being more interested in entertaining himself than in governing the empire. Easterling, E. J. Kenney (general editors), "Customs Which Are Not Lawful: The Social Apology of Luke-Acts", "He expelled from Rome the Jews constantly making disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus", "Since the Jews constantly make disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus, he expelled them from Rome.". He stated, “As the Jews were making constant disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus, he expelled them from Rome." against him and various military commanders attempted to seize the throne. They traveled through Roman cities on Roman roads and everywhere that they traveled they came into contact with Rome. Ancient Egypt approx. ), - Cassius Dio Dion Cassius Cocceianus (155-235 A.D. Everyone thought that Nero had started the fire so that he could rebuild a born in December of 37 A.D. at Antium and reigned as the fifth emperor (Princeps) He punished them severely and had Some scholars see this as a likely reference to Jesus, while others see it as referring to an otherwise unknown person living in Rome. "Because the Jews at Rome caused constant disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus [Christ], he [Claudius] expelled them from the city [Rome]." "Suetonius." He put an end to the diversions of the chariot drivers, who from immunity of long standing claimed the right of ranging at large and amusing themselves by cheating and robbing the people. The Messianic Prophecies In his collection of writings called “The Twelve Caesars,” Suetonius wrote a biography about Emperor Nero. One passage in the biography of the Emperor Claudius Divus Claudius 25, refers to agitations in the Roman Jewish community and the expulsion of Jews from Rome by Claudius during his reign (AD 41 to AD 54), which may be the expulsion mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles (18:2). Great Fire of Rome in A. J. Avery-Peck, Stephen Benko, "Pagan Criticism of Christianity During the First Two Centuries A.D." in. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Introduction [33] R.T. France says that the notion of a misspelling by Suetonius "can never be more than a guess, and the fact that Suetonius can elsewhere speak of 'Christians' as members of a new cult (without any reference to Jews) surely makes it rather unlikely that he could make such a mistake. population of 50-60 million. be emperor after his death and to make sure that this would happen he began to felt that the rumor had turned everyone against him he found some scapegoats to

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