Then Anatolia became home for various kingdoms including the Achaemenid Empire, Hellenistic kingdoms, Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire), Seljuk Empire, and Mongol Empire. The capital and second-largest city of Turkey is Ankara. I have had hundreds of students from different countries so far. [5], This particular constitutional provision has been contested both internationally and within Turkey. Many important events in the history of Christianity happened in places that are now in Turkey.
The New York Times estimated that over 570 people died in the Erzincan earthquake of 13 March 1992. It was established in 1946. Later political disputes led to Coup d'état in 1960, 1971, and 1980, and several failed attempts. 4 (Educational): "The language is in vigorous use, with standardization and literature being sustained through a widespread system of institutionally supported education." But the government claims that these are Turkey's only minorities, and that any talk of minority rights beyond this is just separatism". Most of them are ethnic Turks. The second largest minority are Arabs.

The Central Powers lost the war and the Ottoman Empire was destroyed, but after that Atatürk led the army to get rid of foreign enemies, like the Greeks. About 80 million people live in Turkey.

They often come back to Turkey for summer holidays. The provisions of international treaties are reserved. Turkey is trying to join the European Union (EU) since the 1990s. What Languages Are Spoken In Turkey Official Language Of Turkey.

Read more. Turkey's exports in 2010 were worth 117 billion United States dollars. Each decade since Atatürk's death has been characterized by its own particular stance vis-à-vis language reform: whether to support a more traditional lexicon or a modern, Turkified one abounding in Western loanwords and indigenous coinages.

[6] It was also criticized by EU member states, the OSCE, and international human rights organizations, including Human Rights Watch who observe that "the Turkish government accepts the language rights of the Jewish, Greek and Armenian minorities as being guaranteed by the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. a^ Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (EGIDS) of Ethnologue: For free. There are 81 provinces in Turkey. Foreign languages to be taught in institutions of training and education and the rules to be followed by schools conducting training and education in a foreign language shall be determined by law. The European Union and United States also call them terrorists.[7]. Turkish is the official language of Turkey where it is spoken by 67 million people as a first and by another 350,000 people as a second language ().It is also the official language of Cyprus along with Greek.The rest of the Turkish speakers live in 35 different countries in Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia, and the Americas (Ethnologue).
It has hundreds of kilometers of beautiful beaches on its Aegean and Mediterranean coasts, and many important historical places. Turkish language, the major member of the Turkic language family, spoken in Turkey, Cyprus, and elsewhere in Europe and the Middle East. The capital city is Ankara, a city in the central region, called Anatolia. Rich cities in Turkey include Istanbul, İzmir, Konya, Ankara, Mersin (also known as İçel), and Antalya. Until the 1980s the government owned most companies, but then Prime Minister Turgut Özal sold them. People in Turkey have to go to school for 12 years. Turkish people have many ethnic and famous foods, such as mantı (Turkish ravioli), döner, kebabs, Turkish delight, baklava, börek, köfte, and other foods. Listen to the Turkish alphabet. The Kingdom was ruled by Muslim law, but other religions had certain minority rights. 10 (Extinct): "The language is no longer used and no one retains a sense of ethnic identity associated with the language. Turkey is a popular place for tourists to visit. Each province is divided into districts. ", "Alu insertion polymorphisms and an assessment of the genetic contribution of Central Asia to Anatolia with respect to the Balkans", "The Erzincan (Turkey) Earthquake (Ms 6.8) of March 13, 1992 and its Aftershock Sequence", North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO),, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Much of the population in Turkey is made up of teenagers and young adults.

Turkey is in the OECD and the G-20 and is one of the 20 largest economies. The Assyrian capital was named Tushhan (900-600 BC). "[18] Strauss also stated that French was "a sort of semi-official language",[19] which "to some extent" had "replaced Turkish as an 'official' language for non-Muslims". [9], In 2015, the Turkey’s Ministry of Education announced that as of the 2016-17 academic year, Arabic courses (as a second language) will be offered to students in elementary school starting in second grade. İstanbul University was the first university in Turkey. The PKK is a nationalist and separatist movement led by Abdullah Öcalan. The third largest city is the coastal city of Izmir which is the main port of the country. Get started with 20 audio phrases and learn how to say a range of useful phrases from 'Hello' to 'Pleased to meet you'. Their kingdom was destroyed by the Cimmerians in the 7th century BC and the successor states were Lydia, Caria and Lycia. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Turkey is a republic. Urartian belonging to the Hurro-Urartian language family existed in eastern Anatolia around Lake Van. 0 (International): "The language is widely used between nations in trade, knowledge exchange, and international policy." Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye) is a country in both Europe and Asia. No language other than Turkish shall be taught as a mother tongue to Turkish citizens at any institutions of training or education. The other Anatolian languages included Luwian and later Lycian, Lydian and Milyan. Get your head around tongue twisters and jokes. The Assyrians ruled over southeastern Turkey until the Assyrian Empire was conquered by Babylonia in the year 612 BC. It's also available in Turkish with audio. There were 6065 high schools in Turkey in 2002 according to Ministry of National Education. The languages of Turkey, apart from the official language Turkish, include the widespread Kurmanji, the moderately prevalent minority languages Arabic and Zazaki and a number of less common minority languages, some of which are guaranteed by the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. Status. The Empire also stretched across the Balkans, (Yugoslavia and Bulgaria) in Europe.

Many Romani people live in Istanbul and Edirne (European part of Turkey). This page has been archived and is no longer updated. 18.000 people died in the earthquake. Earthquakes in 1994, 1999, and 2001 slowed economic growth a bit. [21], Ahmet Buran Ph.D., Türkiye'de Diller ve Etnik Gruplar, 2012, Last edited on 6 September 2020, at 15:58, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights, "Refworld - World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Turkey", Toplumsal Yapı Araştırması 2006 [Social Structure Research 2006], "Francophone press in the Ottoman Empire",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 September 2020, at 15:58. It is the descendant of Ottoman Turkish and underwent …

There are 973 districts altogether. I have master's and doctorate degree on teaching Turkish. Today, many of the people who left in the 1970s want to move back to Turkey.

Turks living by the Mediterranean have southern, much thicker, and more masculine accents than western Turkey. All these languages are believed to have become extinct at the latest around the 1st century BCE due to the Hellenization of Anatolia which led to Greek in a variety of dialects becoming the common language. The Arabic courses will be offered as an elective language course like German, French and English.

During the war, 500,000 Armenians in the Ottoman Empire were massacred in the so-called Armenian Genocide. ", .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Provinces with Turkish speakers in majority   Provinces with Turkish speakers in plurality   Provinces with Kurdish speakers in plurality   Provinces with Kurdish speakers in majority, Turkish- and Kurdish-speaking pluralities. 8a (Moribund): "The only remaining active users of the language are members of the grandparent generation and older." The biggest city in Turkey is Istanbul which has the biggest population of any city in Europe. 8b (Nearly Extinct): "The only remaining users of the language are members of the grandparent generation or older who have little opportunity to use the language." 6a (Vigorous): "The language is used for face-to-face communication by all generations and the situation is sustainable." Each province has its own little government but they can only make decisions about small things: the government in Ankara decides important issues. It became one of the longest existing empires of all time. In October 2004, the Turkish State's Human Rights Advisory Board called for a constitutional review in order to bring Turkey's policy on minorities in line with international standards, but was effectively muted. But some people did not like some of the changes that made life in Turkey more secular. Turkey is searching for natural gas in Turkish Northern Cyprus. 10 facts about Turkish. Before that, Turkey was the core of the Ottoman Empire.

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