At around 11:00 am the rikishi sit down to this meal. After the winner is declared, an off-stage gyōji (referee) determines the kimarite (or winning technique) used in the bout, which is then announced to the audience.
 They have an official thickness and strength requirement.
The most common form of keiko is called moshi-ai-geiko. google_ad_width = 120;
0000001550 00000 n Now there are often empty seats and people don't wait in line as long for tickets like they used. Many sumo wrestlers generally weigh in at 150 kilos (330 pounds) but some of the giants of the sport can weigh over 200 kilos (450 pounds). The platform measures precisely 5.7 metres (18.7 ft) on each side, and the ring or dohyo is a perfect circle with a diameter of 4.57 metres (15 ft). As a religion of customs and not laws, Shinto developed as a religion to please the gods in order to ensure a good harvest and divine protection, but soon made headway into the sport of sumo as a way to entertain those same gods, purify the sport itself and protect the rikishi from harm. HISTORY Sumo is a form of wrestling with deep origins in Japanese legend and history. This is an act of purification, salt long being used for that purpose at Shinto shrines. 1600's. These prizes are often rather elaborate, ornate gifts, such as giant cups, decorative plates, and statuettes. A sumo wrestler leads a highly regimented way of life. Three-way ties for a championship are rare, at least in the top division. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Controversies in professional sumo § Women and sumo, List of sumo tournament top division champions, List of sumo tournament second division champions, "Decline in apprentices threatens future of national sport", "History Lesson: Sumo Wrestling's Ancient Origins", "SUMO/ Heavier wrestlers blamed for increase in serious injuries", http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/female-medics-rushed-to-help-a-man-who-collapsed-on-a-sumo, "Steeped in tradition, Shinto, sumo is also scandal-stained", "Sumo FAQ - Professional rankings: The Banzuke", "Banning women from the sumo ring: centuries-old tradition, straight-up sexism or something more complex? Finally, the referee (gyoji) of a sumo match is a striking sight in his own right as he wears a robe based on those worn in the imperial court of Japan in medieval times and similar to that of a Shinto priest today. The referee's decision is not final and may be disputed by the five judges seated around the ring. One such ritual is the wrestler raising one leg and stamping fiercely down on the ground several times.
, Their hair is put in what they call a topknot, and they use wax to get it to stay. Sumo is said to have started over 2,000 years ago. This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 00:26. Amateur sumo is particularly strong in Europe. Furthermore, when outside, they must wear a form of wooden sandal called geta. Home | A bloody version of sumo was briefly popular. Let's have a brief look at its history and how it is played. Asashoryu retired from sumo in 2010. The sport was promoted by the Tokugawa shogunate as a form of entertainment. . In some situations, a review of the gyōji's decision may be needed. The most common type of lunch served is the traditional sumo meal of chankonabe, which consists of a simmering stew of various fish, meat, and vegetables cooked at the table. Takeminakata challenged Takemikazuchi for his land. 0000072402 00000 n Links | In imperial times sumo was a performing art associated with the Imperial court and community festivals.
 By the Muromachi period, sumo had fully left the seclusion of the court and became a popular event for the masses, and among the daimyō it became common to sponsor wrestlers.
It may also be worn for traditional ceremonies or competitions.. Viewed from the front, the thong typically resembles a bikini bottom, but at the back the material is reduced to a minimum. 0000072464 00000 n
#69 Hakuho and #70 Harumafuji are actively fighting. Fantasy Sumo | Sumo wrestlers that take up the sport as a profession have to live in the heya, which are communal stables meant for sumo training. Wax is applied to sumo wrestlers' hair daily by sumo hairdressers (Tokoyama).
In the Nara Period (A.D. 710 to 794), the Imperial Court gathered wrestlers from al over the country to hold a Sumo tournament and ceremonial banquet to ensure good harvests and peace.
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