At around 11:00 am the rikishi sit down to this meal. After the winner is declared, an off-stage gyōji (referee) determines the kimarite (or winning technique) used in the bout, which is then announced to the audience.

[39] They have an official thickness and strength requirement.

The most common form of keiko is called moshi-ai-geiko. google_ad_width = 120;

0000001550 00000 n Now there are often empty seats and people don't wait in line as long for tickets like they used. Many sumo wrestlers generally weigh in at 150 kilos (330 pounds) but some of the giants of the sport can weigh over 200 kilos (450 pounds). The platform measures precisely 5.7 metres (18.7 ft) on each side, and the ring or dohyo is a perfect circle with a diameter of 4.57 metres (15 ft). As a religion of customs and not laws, Shinto developed as a religion to please the gods in order to ensure a good harvest and divine protection, but soon made headway into the sport of sumo as a way to entertain those same gods, purify the sport itself and protect the rikishi from harm. HISTORY Sumo is a form of wrestling with deep origins in Japanese legend and history. This is an act of purification, salt long being used for that purpose at Shinto shrines. 1600's. These prizes are often rather elaborate, ornate gifts, such as giant cups, decorative plates, and statuettes. A sumo wrestler leads a highly regimented way of life. Three-way ties for a championship are rare, at least in the top division. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Controversies in professional sumo § Women and sumo, List of sumo tournament top division champions, List of sumo tournament second division champions, "Decline in apprentices threatens future of national sport", "History Lesson: Sumo Wrestling's Ancient Origins", "SUMO/ Heavier wrestlers blamed for increase in serious injuries", http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/female-medics-rushed-to-help-a-man-who-collapsed-on-a-sumo, "Steeped in tradition, Shinto, sumo is also scandal-stained", "Sumo FAQ - Professional rankings: The Banzuke", "Banning women from the sumo ring: centuries-old tradition, straight-up sexism or something more complex? Finally, the referee  (gyoji) of a sumo match is a striking sight in his own right as he wears a robe based on those worn in the imperial court of Japan in medieval times and similar to that of a Shinto priest today. The referee's decision is not final and may be disputed by the five judges seated around the ring. One such ritual is the wrestler raising one leg and stamping fiercely down on the ground several times.

Structure  

"Sumo." Under the patronage of the Imperial Court rules were formulated and techniques were developed. The Japanese ozekis are getting old and often don’t perform very well. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. trailer In 1909, they began being held at the Kokugikan arena, which stood four-stories high and could accommodate a crowds of 13,000. In general, an ōzeki must win the championship for two consecutive tournaments or an "equivalent performance" to be considered for promotion to yokozuna. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Sumo wrestlers have a life expectancy between 60 and 65, more than 10 years shorter than the average Japanese male, as the diet and sport take a toll on the wrestler's body. Baseball and soccer are much more popular. Sumo (Ozumo) is an ancient form of wrestling which has long been the national sport of Japan.

[40], Their hair is put in what they call a topknot, and they use wax to get it to stay. Sumo is said to have started over 2,000 years ago. This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 00:26. Amateur sumo is particularly strong in Europe. Furthermore, when outside, they must wear a form of wooden sandal called geta. Home  |  A bloody version of sumo was briefly popular. Let's have a brief look at its history and how it is played. Asashoryu retired from sumo in 2010. The sport was promoted by the Tokugawa shogunate as a form of entertainment. . In some situations, a review of the gyōji's decision may be needed. The most common type of lunch served is the traditional sumo meal of chankonabe, which consists of a simmering stew of various fish, meat, and vegetables cooked at the table. Takeminakata challenged Takemikazuchi for his land. 0000072402 00000 n Links  |  In imperial times sumo was a performing art associated with the Imperial court and community festivals.

[5][7] By the Muromachi period, sumo had fully left the seclusion of the court and became a popular event for the masses, and among the daimyō it became common to sponsor wrestlers.

It may also be worn for traditional ceremonies or competitions.. Viewed from the front, the thong typically resembles a bikini bottom, but at the back the material is reduced to a minimum. 0000072464 00000 n

[41] The topknot is hard for some foreigner's hair because their hair is not as coarse and straight as Japanese hair. Throughout the history of the sport, there is record of only 70 rikishi having Wrestlers from countries other than Mongolia have also been rising in the ranks, including the Bulgarian Kotooshu and the Estonian Baruto, who were promoted to the rank of ozeki in 2005 and 2010, respectively. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. 0000023619 00000 n Now, however, the sport has grown beyond the sphere of Japanese diaspora and athletes come from a variety of ethnic, cultural, and sporting backgrounds. In ancient times sumo was performed with sacred dancing and other rituals on the grounds of Shinto shrines. TV ratings would no doubt be boosted if the matches were shown in prime time, yet it isn’t done because of tradition. There are many religious traditions in sumo: wrestlers sip sacred water and throw purifying salt into the ring before a match; the referee dresses like a Shinto priest, a Shinto shrine hangs over the ring. NHK began covering sumo on radio in 1928, and covering it live on television beginning in 1953.

#69 Hakuho and #70 Harumafuji are actively fighting. Fantasy Sumo  |  Sumo wrestlers that take up the sport as a profession have to live in the heya, which are communal stables meant for sumo training. Wax is applied to sumo wrestlers' hair daily by sumo hairdressers (Tokoyama).

In the Nara Period (A.D. 710 to 794), the Imperial Court gathered wrestlers from al over the country to hold a Sumo tournament and ceremonial banquet to ensure good harvests and peace.

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