Dedicated to the Iranian polymath Avicenna, the complex includes ... Saadabad is a cultural and historical complex that covers an area of 110 hectares and is located at the northernmost part of Tehran. Confectioners workshops (khalifehs, or experts) keep their recipes a guarded secret, and there are many that have remained a private family business for many generations.

Patel and Rustam B. Paymaster, Parsi Prakash, vols 1-7, Bombay, 1888-1942.].

At Sharifabad, the two fires were united as one, the Shah Behram Izad Pak, and we understand that today, the united fire has its home in Yazd city. The sacred flame, behind a glass case and visible from the entrance hall, has apparently been burning since about 470 CE and was transferred from Nahid-e Pars temple to Ardakan (a town some 60 kilometres north of Yazd city) then to Yazd (city) and its present site." 'It's like we have leprosy, the way they've evacuated!'

BBC's Taste of Iran series, Zoroastrian Villages & Neighbourhoods - Deh, Sharifabad's Shah Bahram Izad Pak - Oldest Existing Consecrated Fire, Treatment of Zoroastrians in Yazd and Iran.

Finally, the fire was brought to the present Atash Bahram upon its completion in 1934 CE.

When meeting for the first time, during introductions, Yazdi Zoroastrians seek to establish the village affiliation of the other. He was also known as the Dasturan Dastur. The Yazd Atash Bahram (also called the Yazd Atash Kadeh) is further described below. Built in 12th century and still in use, Jame Mosque of Yazd is an example of the finest Persian mosaics and excellent architecture. Meanwhile, prey birds would clean the bones of the corpse. The Zoroastrian Fire Temple, also known as Yazd/Bahram/Behram Ateshkadeh, is a temple in Yazd, to the west of Yazd in Iran.

Video on Yazd. In 1939, Soroush Soroushian, head of Kerman's Zoroastrian Anjuman (Society), lead a move to establish a cemetery in Kerman.

‘It’s like we have leprosy, the way they’ve evacuated!’ said Ardeshir Rostami, 83.” There are other reports that in the old Zoroastrian villages, such as the village of Cham just south of Yazd on the way to Taft, travellers saw only senior citizens walking the streets. Next to Ardakan (some 60 km NW of Yazd city) and close to Turkabad, the village of Sharifabad became the home of not one, but two of rescued consecrated eternal fires or Atash Bahrams. There was also a prohibition against white stockings and up to about 1880, the Parsis had to wear a special kind of peculiarly hideous shoe with a broad, turned-up toe. Recently, families from other dehs such as Maryamabad, Khorramshah and Qasemabad, have taken up residence in the mahale and therefore its residents are considered to be cosmopolitan and progressive. Another explanation is that before the Arab invasion of Iran, the languages of greater Iran were known to Iranians as Dari and not Farsi. There was once a relatively large Jewish-Yazdi community, however, after the creation of Israel, many have moved there for varying reasons. When they were brought to Sharifabad, in order that they may escape the attention of those that sought to extinguish them, they were housed in non-descript mud houses indistinguishable from houses in the neighborhood. It is almost impossible to think up an itinerary for traveling to Iran and not include Yazd . No badgirs adorned their roofs. They could only build downwards, creating dark honey-combs of subterranean rooms with adobe walls several feet thick to withstand attack. It is imperative to raise a suitable funds for the maintenance of these religious abodes.”.

In 2006, the festival was celebrated on April 15, when about 3,000 Zoroastrians from all parts of Iran including Yazd, Kerman, Isfahan, Shiraz, and Tehran gathered to take part in the ceremony. Celebrating Jashne Sadeh at Cham, Yazd. 05:09. No badgirs adorned their roofs. Additional images. It was built in 1934 and enshrines the Atash Behram/Bahram, meaning “Victorious Fire”.

There was also a prohibition against white stockings and up to about 1880, the Parsis had to wear a special kind of peculiarly hideous shoe with a broad, turned-up toe. Innovative Technologies, » In Yazd with Edward Browne, Spring 1888 AD at Vohuman, In addition to the video above, a video on Zoroastrian Worship produced by ABC Australia features Zoroastrians and Zoroastrianism in Yazd and can be viewed at this, The eternal fire at the Atash Bahram, Yazd, Iran, Overall view of Atash Bahram, Yazd, Iran. In 1939, Soroush Soroushian, head of Kerman’s Zoroastrian Anjuman (Society), lead a move to establish a cemetery in Kerman. The Zoroastrian Fire Temple, also known as Yazd/Bahram/Behram Ateshkadeh, is a temple in Yazd, to the west of Yazd in Iran.

The province of Yazd has Iran's only Atash Bahram, a fire temple that houses the highest grade of consecrated fire used in Zoroastrian worship.The Yazd Atash Bahram (also called the Yazd Atash Kadeh) is further described below.Yazd province is also home to the ruins of at least four dakhmas or towers of silence, as well as several pilgrimage sites. Up to 1891, all Zoroastrians had to walk in town and even in the desert, they had to dismount if they met a Mussalman of any rank whatever.' But it seldom happened. In addition, a report published in the Keyhan newspaper (dated 17th Tir 1342, p. 15) states that of the forty prisoners in Yazd's jail, none were Yazdi, but that they came from elsewhere in Iran. An Atash Behram is the most senior grade of temple fires and some Western writers refer to it as a cathedral fire (also please see our page on Atash Bahrams). where the body of the deceased was bathed, wrapped in a shroud and then taken to the towers of silence. Furthermore, by bringing a dog into the dead body’s presence, they would attempt to hold back the demons. "Entry to the houses was via a single door from a narrow lane just wide enough to allow a fully-laden donkey to pass. Nonetheless, there may be a glimmer of hope that the trend can be halted if not reversed.

Recently, families from other dehs such as Maryamabad, Khorramshah and Qasemabad, have taken up residence in the mahale and therefore its residents are considered to be cosmopolitan and progressive. Given the diaspora and emancipation of Yazdi Zoroastrians, Dari is falling out of use within families.

Under the rule of the Safavid (16th century), some people migrated from Yazd and settled in an area that is today on the Iran-Afghanistan border. The plaque at the Yazd Atash Bahram / Atash Kadeh states: “This Zoroastrians’ temple was built in 1934 in a site belonging to the Association of the Parsi Zoroastrians of India under the supervision of Jamshid Amanat. [10] After the Arab conquest of Iran, many Zoroastrians migrated to Yazd from neighboring provinces.

Up to 1896, the Parsis were obliged to twist their turbans instead of folding them. 'Upto 1895, no Parsi was allowed to carry an umbrella. But the party using the land refused to pay rent and became the owners of the land. The participants reportedly brought wood with them to feed and sustain the fire. The fourth is located close to the village of Cham. The name Atash Bahram (Victorious Fire) more accurately defines the grade of consecrated fire in the temple, than it does the temple. At the 2011 census, the population was 529,673, and it is currently the 15th largest city in Iran. It is internal. The remote location of the tower was primarily selected for being far enough from Yazd, but with the growth of the city, it is now easily within reach. However, all Afghani Persian speakers are not called Parsiban. The first visit to Yazd by a delegate from India was that of Nariman Hoshang whose patron was Changa Asa of Navsari (also see our page on Early Parsi History - Sanjan. Once a month, members of the community gathered in the buildings to share food and pray for the departed. Better, therefore, to prevent attacks in the first place.

It is imperative to raise a suitable funds for the maintenance of these religious abodes." He arrived in Yazd in 1854 CE and immediately set about assisting Iran's Zoroastrian communities. A new dakhma on the top of the hill was constructed by the efforts of the Zoroastrian Anjuman of Bombay; but still the mobeds of the old school prefer to use the old dakhma, saying the new one was constructed in modern style and thus was not in keeping with our religion.

Templo de fogo na cidade iraniana de Yazd. Zoroastrians History and Culture Museum (Also known as Markar Museum) in Yazd is located close to Markar Square and the Varahram Fire Temple. These huge public gatherings created a series of spaces which, since most are near important urban monuments, are used at other times as hubs from which visitors can tour the main spots in the city . [Etymology of Bahram (or Behram): Middle Persian Varharan from Avestan verethrakhnahe or verethraghna meaning victorious and verethra meaning victory or that which repels a foe.]. The Pir-e-Naraki[12] sanctuary is one the important pilgrimage destinations for Zoroastrians, where an annual congregation is held and frequent visits are made during the year; it is now also a famous tourist spot. Note woman caretaker at far, (?) [Khorasan is the northeast province of Iran that borders Herat and Afghanistan.] This museum is recognized as the ... let the kindness and spirit of the people draw you in! Your email address will not be published. They weave there quantities of a certain silk tissue known as Yasdi, which merchants carry into many quarters to dispose of. In 1937, Tehrani Zoroastrian established a cemetery called an aramgah, a place of rest, and in doing so soon abandoned the use of the Tehran dakhma built by Maneckji Hataria. In the winter, the days remain mild and sunny, but in the morning the thin air and low cloudiness cause cold temperatures that can sometimes fall well below 0 °C (32 °F). Thus the income for the maintenance of the said Atash Bahram stopped and the Atash Bahram is now in a sad plight; it requires immediate attention.”, The plaque at the Yazd Atash Bahram / Atash Kadeh states: In 2013, Sepanta Niknam was elected to the city council of Yazd and became the first Zoroastrian councillor in Iran. Of these two hundred years, an article The Zoroastrian Houses of Yazd in Vohuman.org by Ryszard J. Antolak (an article review from Vladimir Fedorovich Minorsky memorial volume) states "whereupon two hundred years of political and religious turmoil ensued which decimated the population. In front of it, across a broad metalled road, are the spacious modern houses of wealthy Zoroastrians. The eastern Iranian / Persian dialect of Dari that eventually evolved in Yazd and Kerman, cannot be understood by the speakers of Iran's national language, Farsi, a western Iranian / Persian dialect.

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